Coronary angioplasty also called percutaneous coronary intervention, is a procedure used to open blocked heart arteries. Angioplasty uses a tiny balloon catheter that is inserted in a blocked blood vessel to help widen it and improve blood flow to your heart. It is often combined with the placement of a small wire mesh tube called a stent. The stent helps prop the artery open, decreasing its chance of narrowing again. Most stents are coated with medication to help keep your artery open (drug-eluting stents). Rarely, bare-metal stents may be used.
Angioplasty can improve symptoms of blocked arteries, such as chest pain and shortness of breath. Its largely used during a heart attack to quickly open a blocked artery and reduce the amount of damage to your heart.
Why angioplasty is required?
Angioplasty is used to treat the buildup of fatty plaques in your heart's blood vessels. This buildup is a type of heart disease known as atherosclerosis.
Angioplasty may be a treatment option for you if:
- You have tried medications or lifestyle changes but these have not improved your heart health.
- You have chest pain (angina) that is deteriorating.
- You have a heart attack. Angioplasty can quickly open a blocked artery, reducing damage to your heart.
Angioplasty isn't for everyone. Depending on the extent of your heart disease and your overall health, your doctor may determine that coronary artery bypass surgery is a better option than angioplasty for you.
Types of Angioplasty
There are two types of angioplasty:
- Balloon Angioplasty – Here an inflatable balloon is placed in the target artery/arteries. The pressure of the inflated balloon allows the doctor to clear the target artery/arteries from blockage or plaque.
- Stent Angioplasty – Here the doctor would place a stent in the area where the plaque is blocking the artery thus restoring normal blood flow.
Risks of Angioplasty
Angioplasty is an ordinary procedure. However, similar to any other procedure done in the body, there are a few dangers. Normal risks includes are as below:
How to be prepared for Angioplasty?
Angioplasty is a minimally obtrusive treatment, yet it is still a surgery, and patients should adhere to their doctor's instructions cautiously in advance.
Patients need to educate their primary care physician about any prescriptions and enhancements they are taking. Now and again, they might have to quit ingesting these medications, particularly blood thinners, before the methodology.
Likewise, patients might have to stay away from food or beverages for a few hours before the angioplasty strategy as specialists should calm them.
Kidney tests might be required in advance, as well, as the different colors that the specialists use can influence kidney work.
After successful treatment
Upon returning home from your successful angioplasty procedure, be sure to:
- Not overexert yourself for 24 hours.
- Not operate or drive heavy machinery for 24 hours.
- Not smoke for at least 24 hours.
- Not take a hot bath or shower for 24 hours.
In western India, Angioplasty cost in Mumbai is much comfortable for anyone when compared to any other hospitals. The cost of Angioplasty also depends upon multiple factors and ranges from Rs. 1,35,000 to Rs. 3,25,000.
Book an Appointment
To First, individuals can book an appointment with available doctor by visiting (URL) or can call on 022-67670101. This appointment will happen about 1 to 2 weeks before your angioplasty. During this appointment, you will meet with your health care team.
How is angioplasty done?
First angiogram will be performed by your consultant cardiologists along with either a cardiology registrars or cardiology nurse to help in the procedure.
What is the average cost of angioplasty in India?
The average cost of the Angioplasty Surgery in India in Indian Rupee (INR) is Rs.1, 50, 000/-
Are there any side effects of angioplasty?
Yet angioplasty is not completely risk-free, a blood clot might form in the stent after the procedure. If that happens, it could cause a heart attack. To help prevent this, your doctor may prescribe anticlotting medicine after your procedure.
How serious is an angioplasty?
In serious ways, the problem with marvels is that we come to expect too much from them. That has happened with angioplasty. But if you are having a heart attack, angioplasty is a marvelous procedure.