What’s To Know about Peptic Ulcer?


By Dr. Prabha Sawant in Gastroenterology

Peptic Ulcer: Overview

A peptic ulcer, also known as PUD or peptic ulcer disease, is the most common ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is generally acidic and extremely painful. A peptic ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer. An ulcer in the duodenum is called a duodenal ulcer.

Symptoms of Peptic Ulcer

Small ulcers generally do not cause any symptoms. Some ulcers can cause severe bleeding.

  • Abdominal pain
  • Feeling of fullness
  • Mild nausea
  • Pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen
  • Bloody or dark tarry stools
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss

Causes of Peptic Ulcer

Common causes include:

  • Too much consumption of alcohol
  • Tobacco chewing
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Having radiation treatments

Risk related to peptic ulcer

You may be at risk of getting a peptic ulcer if you:

Smoke - Smoking may increase the risk of peptic ulcers in people who are infected with H. pylori.

Drink alcohol - Alcohol can irritate and erode the mucous lining of your stomach, and it increases the amount of stomach acid that’s produced.

Stress - Stress puts you at risk of getting a peptic ulcer

Eating spicy foods - Medications that protect the lining of your stomach and small intestine.

How to prevent peptic ulcer

To reduce your risk of developing a peptic ulcer:

  • Avoid tobacco products
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Use caution with aspirin and/or NSAIDs
  • Don’t ignore your ulcer symptoms
  • Protect yourself from infections by washing hands regularly and consuming foods that have been cooked thoroughly

Make an Enquiry

Global Hospital located at Parel, Mumbai is the best hospital in western India. Global Hospital offers advanced Endoscopic procedures and lab tests to detect a peptic ulcer. If you have any questions or would like to speak with a member of our team, then please get in touch for emergency 022 6767 0202 & For Appointment 022 6767 0101. If you are contacting us as a patient or potential patient please complete the form below or call us.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How do I know if I have a peptic ulcer?

Your doctor will use information from your medical history, a physical exam, and tests to diagnose an ulcer and its cause. The presence of an ulcer can only be determined by looking directly at the stomach with endoscopy or an X-ray test.

Is peptic ulcer curable?

If you have peptic ulcer disease, which can involve stomach ulcers and/or duodenal ulcers of the small intestine, the answer is yes! These ulcers can be completely healed.

What is the most common treatment for peptic ulcer?

The most common remedy is a combination of antibiotic drugs to kill the H. pylori bacteria and medications to get rid of acid in your stomach. These typically include proton pump inhibitors (like Aciphex or Nexium), and antibiotics. You'll take PPIs for several weeks.

How long does it take for a peptic ulcer to heal?

Uncomplicated gastric ulcers take up to two or three months to heal completely. Duodenal ulcers take about six weeks to heal. An ulcer can temporarily heal without antibiotics. But it is common for an ulcer to recur or for another ulcer to form nearby if the bacteria are not killed.

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