What is juvenile diabetes?
Juvenile diabetes or Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas called beta cells that produce insulin. Glucose doesn’t move into your blood cells because insulin is not present.
How is juvenile diabetes diagnosed?
Several blood tests, such as random sugar tests and A1C tests, are done to diagnose Type 1 diabetes accurately.
What are the symptoms of Juvenile diabetes?
The lack of insulin causes the glucose to build up in your blood, and the cells starve, which leads to high blood sugar levels that may lead to:
- Dehydration occurs due to excess sugar content in the blood, which makes the patient urinate more.
- Weight loss is also a side effect of high sugar levels
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)is the combination of extra glucose, dehydration, and acid build-up
- Damage to your body, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
How is Juvenile diabetes treated?
Treatment is unluckily lifelong and includes regular blood tests and insulin therapy. Patients may be advised to exercise regularly to maintain a healthy lifestyle.