About Kidney Transplant
Dr Bharat Shah MD (Internal Medicine), DNB (Nephrology)
Providing world-class service from beginning to end, Global Hospital is one of the best hospitals for kidney transplant in Mumbai. The kidney is an important organ required for the proper functioning of our body. Its function is to remove toxins from the blood and keep the blood clean. It eliminates toxic wastes like ammonia and urea along with making sure that these toxins are flushed out from the body. It also helps in the regulation of blood pressure along with the stimulation of red blood cells by releasing the hormone erythropoietin.
Kidney malfunction can have severe effects on the overall functioning of the body and is also known as renal failure. If renal failure is chronic, renal disease occurs which necessitates the need for either dialysis or kidney transplant. A person undergoes a kidney transplant surgery when his/ her kidney function level drops down to less than 20%.
A kidney transplant team involves the following members: a transplant surgeon to perform the surgery, a nephrologist who works closely with a highly trained nurse for coordinating your appointments. A pharmacist, who is also a part of the team, takes care of your medicines and helps avoid unsafe medicine combinations. A dietician supervises the food you intake and helps you devise healthy meal plans. While your body may take some time to adjust to a new kidney, patients have shown positive results with gradual improvements in their health and kidney function. After the transplant, regular blood checks are done to make sure that your donor’s kidney is doing fine.
A kidney malfunction needs to be treated with expert care and professional help. Moreover, renal failure may hamper functioning of other body systems and hence, needs immediate help. At our centre, we make sure that you get assistance from best specialists and surgeons in Mumbai. Global Hospitals is one of the best hospitals for kidney transplant surgery in Mumbai offering the best services in kidney transplantation surgeries. It also specializes in taking care of the surgeries and the treatment following the procedure. We believe that after-care is also important and our trained nurses and para-medical staff takes care of that. Our centre of kidney transplant surgery is led by the best kidney transplant doctor in Mumbai whose professional expertise and skills have significantly contributed to creating a name recognized nationwide. Our in-house pros know what they are responsible for and guarantee the best services with assured results in Mumbai. We bring in the very best for you and promise to live up to your expectations.
Kidney failure or renal failure is caused due to several reasons like internal damage to kidneys, consumption of toxins or acute dehydration. We are proud to say that we are the best hospital for treatment of kidney failure in Mumbai and have a team of best kidney transplant specialists in Mumbai to assist you.
While kidney failure may look like a singular dysfunction, but it affects other body systems also. Thus, it is important to diagnose renal failure as early as possible. Our centre provides facilities for early detection and rectification of kidney malfunction. Our team will help you manage various health conditions like:
All the above conditions and their developments can be controlled if proper meal plans and schedules are prepared by your dietician and you get your medicines reviewed by your doctor at regular intervals.
What are the Symptoms of Kidney Failure?
There are various symptoms that can be observed which indicate renal failure. Some of the generic symptoms include:
In the advanced stages, the symptoms include:
If any of the above symptoms are seen, you should fix an appointment with us.
How is Kidney Failure diagnosed?
The first step towards diagnosis involves a quick chat about family history with the doctor and a discussion about the observant symptoms. Some various tests and procedures followed are:
While kidney transplant seems like the solution to all your renal problems, the after-care is also important. There may be a need for dialysis in the initial stages after the transplant has been performed as a precautionary measure, until the donor’s kidney starts fully functioning.
At Global Hospitals, we have amongst the best kidney transplant specialists in Mumbai on board. Based on your condition you would be suggested either haemodialysis or a kidney transplant. Haemodialysis is a mechanical process that uses a peritoneal membrane for cleaning the blood and making sure it is devoid of any toxins. Kidney transplant is a process where a donor donates a kidney which is then introduced to a recipient who is suffering from renal failure. While a person may have to go through dialysis even after the transplant, there is an option for you to go for pre-emptive or an early transplant. It allows you to continue with your everyday life without the intervention of regular dialysis.
Before going over the different options of kidney transplant surgeries it is important to highlight the fact that people with other complexities like diabetes may also be able to undergo kidney transplant surgery. Careful examination is needed to avoid certain risks but apart from that, such patients are also able to get a kidney transplant done.
What are the different types of kidney transplant?
Apart from pre-emptive kidney transplants, there are three types of kidney transplants, namely, living donor transplant, paired kidney exchange and deceased donor transplant.
Living Donor Transplant:
A person has two kidneys but can also survive on one healthy kidney. Thus, he has the option of donating one of his kidneys. Generally, the donor is a relative but can even be a stranger. This person survives on his/ her one healthy kidney and hence is called a living donor. Such types of transplants last 15-20 years. It also depends on how well you take care of it. The transplant team first checks whether the donor’s kidney is compatible with it or not. The donor also needs to undergo a screening and full medical evaluation to make sure that he/she is capable of donating a kidney.
Paired Kidney Exchange:
In this case, due to incompatibility issues, your relative may not be able to donate a kidney to you but might be able to do so to someone else. Similarly, that person’s relative may be able to donate a kidney to you. So, that’s when you can go for a paired kidney exchange transplant.
Deceased Donor Transplant:
A deceased donor is the one who has died recently and his/her family members decide to donate the healthy organs to the people who are in need. This type, however, requires a person to wait for an average of 3-5 years before they can get the transplant done. Until then, you may switch to dialysis that needs to be done regularly to ensure toxic waste removal from the body.
Who can get a kidney transplant?
With everything else sorted, the main component of a kidney transplant is you. You should be healthy enough to undergo surgery. You should be free of cancer or any other infection. A full medical and psychosocial examination is conducted to make sure that your health is at optimum. A complete evaluation process takes place before a kidney transplant. A complete physical examination is done and a series of tests are conducted which include X-rays to learn about your overall health. This is done to help your transplant team to know about you and check whether the transplant is right for you or not.
What happens during the kidney transplant surgery?
Unlike former assumptions about kidney transplant surgery, a doctor doesn’t remove your kidneys unless it is needed from a medical perspective. The donor kidney is placed in the lower abdomen. This is done so because the location assures that the new kidney is connected to all the major arteries and vessels needed for its proper functioning. The operation takes about 4 hours and is done under totally aseptic conditions. While you may feel sore at first, it may be gone in a day or so and you should be home within a week. A kidney from a living donor may start functioning almost immediately while that from a deceased donor may take a week or two to function fully and properly. Until then, the patient will be required to depend on dialysis.
What if my body tries to reject the new kidney?
Normally, the body tries to eliminate anything foreign that may have entered by chance. But in the case of an organ transplant, since the new organ is required by the body, we need to make sure that it is not eliminated or any antibodies aren’t formed against it. To stop your body from attacking the new kidney, the patient is given immunosuppressants or anti-rejection medicines to make the immune system less active. While anti-rejection medicines are a mandate to make sure that your body doesn’t harm the new kidney, there are some side effects of anti-rejection medicines that are observed. Fortunately, the side effects are manageable.
What happens after discharge?
Along with the surgical methods provided for kidney failure, we aim at holistic treatment of our patients and thus, also focus on the mental and emotional well-being of the patients. Depression is one of the most common after-effects of long-term or prolonged illnesses. Coping with kidney disease is stressful and can take a toll on the mental health of the patient. Our team makes sure that your stress is reduced. Facilities like psychiatrist consultation, support groups are available that helps you deal with stress.
After the transplant, the follow-ups are equally important. Regular check-ups are done to monitor the functioning of the donor kidney. Initially, the check-ups will be done several times a week and later, they will be reduced down along with lesser blood tests. The blood tests are done to check for any rejection by the recipient’s body. Frequent blood tests are done to detect early cases of transplant rejection. In such a condition, immunosuppressants are given to make sure that the kidney is accepted in the body.
At Global Hospitals, we bring you a team of professional experts with complete knowledge about their subjects along with specialized skills developed especially in the area of the kidney transplant process, thus, making us amongst the best hospital for treatment of kidney failure in Mumbai. With our thorough investigation procedures and diagnostic tests, we make sure there is not a sliver of a chance for error and we can assist you in the best possible way to gain a healthy and normal life.
The Kidney Transplant Program at Global Hospitals, Mumbai brings together some of the best and most experienced kidney transplant surgeons in the country. They have the expertise and specialized skills, dealing with end-stage kidney failure. A thorough investigation is the first step of effective kidney transplant procedure. This helps ascertain the possibility of a successful kidney transplant and if the patient is physically and mentally fit to undergo the rigors of a kidney transplant surgery. Following the tests and analysis, the kidney transplant team will help the patient and caregivers understand the process of the kidney transplant surgery. The team includes – nephrologists, intensivists, anaesthetist, kidney transplant surgeons, kidney transplant co-coordinators, nurses, care managers, physiotherapist, dietitians and other clinicians will work together to manage your care at every stage. The process involves waiting and preparation period, the transplant surgery and post-transplant rehabilitation. Our team remains dedicated and committed to bringing you a full and productive life post kidney transplantation. With our dedicated team, you will feel at home and we make sure to provide world-class facilities to ensure that you lead a stress-free life with a healthy, properly functioning kidney thus making us one of the best hospitals for the treatment of renal failure and providing the best kidney transplant surgeries in Mumbai.
MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine), DNB (Nephrology)
MBBS, DNB, DNB (Gen), DNB (nephrology)
MBBS, MD (Internal Med), DNB (Nephrology)
MBBS, MD, DNB (Nephrology)
MBBS, DNB (Paediatric), Fellowship in Clinical Nephrology and Dialysis Medicine.
Consultant Pediatric Nephrologist
MBBS, MD (Pediatrics), DNB (Pediatrics)
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