Arthroscopy surgery is the procedure in which the treatment of the damage of the interior part of a joint is performed using an arthroscope. It can help detect various problems such as the cause of persistent joint pains, excessive fluid in the joints and damaged cartilage.
The arthroscope is a special type of camera inserted into the joint through a small incision and allows the surgeon a view of the common area on a video monitor. A second incision is made for the insertion of tiny surgical instruments that are used both to diagnose and to perform what is needed during the operation—removing damaged tissue, suturing and other repairs.
The doctor recommends arthroscopy if you have inflammation in a joint or have a joint with arthritis that got worse over time.
Arthroscopic surgery can result in less joint pain and stiffness in the affected area. The patient can leave the hospital on the day of the surgery itself as is a minimally invasive and also generally takes less time. After surgery, the patient may return to light activity within a fortnight. Physical therapy is necessary to ensure proper healing of the operated joint.
Some of the risks related to knee arthroscopy, such as:
- Internal bleeding in the joint
- Clotting of blood
- stiffness in the operated joint
- Damage to the cartilage, ligaments and blood vessels